Saturday, 19 August 2017

In-Ocean Fish Farms Are Toast

Here is an Aug 15, 2017 article on the cheaper costs of on-land fish farms, and how in-ocean are threatened: http://ilaks.no/rapport-hevder-lakseoppdrett-pa-land-loner-seg/

Salmon farming on land pays off, as a new report 

- Land-based plants can clearly threaten traditional Norwegian farming in open sea lakes, Professor Trond Bjørndal at NTNU Ålesund and Social and Business Research at NHH sticks above Dagens Næringsliv.
Together with research assistant Amalie Tusvik, he has provided a fresh report concluding that land-based farming can become more lucrative than traditional salmon farming, if the fish is to be transported by air to the United States or China.
According to the newspaper, the researchers estimate that the cost per kilo of salmon in the sea amounts to NOK 28.50 - before shipping, slaughter, packing and transport costs. By comparison, it costs about 39 kroner per kilo in a land-based facility.
If the salmon is to be transported to the US or China, about 14 kroner per kilo, it would be more profitable to establish facilities on land in these markets, according to the report.
"The challenge is that the lead bubble is not the nicest land-based plant for Atlantic salmon that produces 5000-10,000 tonnes a year. There are more challenges that must be resolved before the technology works perfectly. But it will happen sooner or later, and then development will shoot speed, Meiner Bjørndal.
It is Møre & Romsdal County Municipality which has funded the report "Land based farming of salmon: Economic analysis".


This is the abstract: 

ECONOMIC ANALYSES OF LAND BASED FARMING OF SALMON

Trond Bjorndal*, SNF Centre for Applied Research at NHH and NTNU Norwegian University of Science and Technology
Amalie Tusvik, NTNU Norwegian University of Science and Technology

SNF, Hellevn. 30, N-5045 Bergen, Norway
trond.bjorndal@snf.no

Salmon farming has been one of the fastest growing industries in Norway for more than three decades. Nevertheless, in recent years the environmental sustainability of the industry has been questioned. This is mainly due to two reasons. First, the incidence of sea lice has increased tremendously, causing diseases and very high treatment costs. Second, escaped salmon mix with wild salmon with undesirable genetic effects. As a consequence of these problems, the government has decided that for the time being no further licenses for sea based salmon farming will be issued which will prevent the industry from further expansion.

This situation has led to increased interest for development of new technology and new ways of growth for a promising industry. This paper presents economic analyses of two modes of production that both represent potential ways for the industry to grow without new licences or an increase in maximum allowable biomass (MAB). They are 1) full land based production cycle and 2) post smolt production - extension of the land based production phase of salmon from normal release of 100 g smolts to a weight at release of up to one kg which will greatly reduce the length of the sea phase. In land based farms the fish are totally protected from the environment and there will be no releases from the farms. The technology is safe with respect to escapes, which means that increased use of the technology will protect wild salmon from genetic interference from farmed salmon. Land based farms are currently being developed in several countries including Norway, Denmark, Poland, Canada and the USA.

The project presents economic analyses of these two modes of production with comparisons with traditional land based farming. If the new systems are competitive, there may also be development of salmon farms closer to main consumer markets than what is the situation today.

See:  https://www.was.org/meetings/ShowAbstract.aspx?Id=47148.

The last paragraph is what I have been saying for years.

Thursday, 3 August 2017

Most Popular Posts July, 2017

The most popular posts for July, 2017 on this site are listed below. Even one post from 2015 was popular for this month.

The post for most the popular posts for June, 2017 is this: https://fishfarmnews.blogspot.ca/2017/07/most-popular-posts-june-2017.html. You will find the link to the most popular posts for May in the June post, and so on.

Here is the list:

1. Most Popular Posts, June 2017: https://fishfarmnews.blogspot.ca/2017/07/most-popular-posts-june-2017.html.

2. 189 On-land Fish Farm Systems etc. This is the all time favourite on this site. If you can believe it, I have found 189 systems, comprising almost 20,000 on-land farms around the world. And fish farms say it can't be done. Oh, sure. See: https://fishfarmnews.blogspot.ca/2016/05/152-different-on-land-fish-farm-systems.html.

3. Bill C-228 - Trudeau Liberals Stand Against Wild Pacific Salmonhttp://fishfarmnews.blogspot.ca/2016/12/bill-c-228-trudeau-liberals-stand.html. BC Liberals voted for Bill C-228, to get fish farms out of the BC ocean at 70%, with only ministers against it. BC Liberals know that if they stand against BC salmon they are toast in the next election because wild salmon are as important to British Columbians as French is to Quebec.

4. Bad News Bites: http://fishfarmnews.blogspot.ca/2017/05/bad-news-bites-fifth-post.html. I receive almost 30 fish farm newsletters every week, and have found almost 2,000 bad news stories in two years - yes, hard to believe.

5. DFO Has to be Sued to Prevent Diseased Atlantic Salmon Being Put in the Pacific Ocean: https://fishfarmnews.blogspot.ca/2017/07/dfo-has-to-be-sued-to-prevent-prv.html. Yes, we are suing Dominic LeBlanc to prevent diseased farmed salmon being put in our ocean because he won't do the right thing. Shameful. This has been a well-viewed post this month.

6. Salmon/Fishing Revenue Towers Over Farmed Salmon: https://fishfarmnews.blogspot.ca/2015/05/salmonfishing-revenue-towers-over.html. It makes no financial sense to leave the environmentally unsound in-ocean fish farms in the BC ocean.

7. Nylund, Vike - The Famous ISA, Chile Paper, Scientists Harassed in Norway, AquaGen: https://fishfarmnews.blogspot.ca/2017/07/nylund-vike-famous-isa-chile-paper.html. This was the most popular post in July, 2017.

8. Fish Farms Kill Billions of Fish - 113 fish killed to feed one farmed salmon to harvest: https://fishfarmnews.blogspot.ca/2016/09/fish-farms-kill-billions-of-fish.html. And, also: https://fishfarmnews.blogspot.ca/2016/09/fish-farms-kill-billions-of-forage-fish.html. An industry the size of BC's kills 5.76 billion forage fish to bring one crop of farmed fish to harvest. Fish farms don't save fish they kill fish, actually trillions to bring the global farmed fish to harvest.

9. DFO Has To be Sued to Prevent Diseased Farmed Salmon Being Put in the Ocean: https://fishfarmnews.blogspot.ca/2017/07/dfo-has-to-be-sued-to-prevent-diseased.html. This is my rebuttal to my note to LeBlanc that was answered not by the minister in Ottawa, but by a DFO staff member in BC. Unfortunately for them, I have drafted more than 5,000 minister's letters in my time with the BC government, so I know how to rebut them. Also a popular post.


Friday, 21 July 2017

DFO Has to Be Sued to Prevent Diseased Atlantic Salmon Being Put in the Pacific Ocean, July 21, 2017



I emailed DFO Minister, Dominic LeBlanc to ask why he had to be sued to protect BC salmon from fish farms putting in PRV infected fish. He didn’t get it as it was diverted to BC staff who drafted generic mush. I drafted 5,000 minister’s letters when I worked at Finance in BC, so, I know mush.  

Here are my responses:

BC DFO: Thank you for your correspondence of July 6, 2017, addressed to the Honourable Dominic LeBlanc, Minister of Fisheries, Oceans and Canadian Coast Guard, concerning aquaculture in British Columbia. I have been asked to respond on the Minister’s behalf.

WRONG: I asked for the Minister to respond, not someone on the west coast. I have no assurance my email made it beyond the first admin person in line who referred it to BC. See my note to LeBlanc: https://fishfarmnews.blogspot.ca/2017/07/dfo-has-to-be-sued-to-prevent-prv.html.

I asked: why do you, Dominic LeBlanc, have to be sued to prevent diseased fish farm fish being put in BC waters? PRV causes HSMI as your scientist Dr. Kristi Miller confirmed in 2017.

Here is sad commentary on DFO science policy from Miller: http://fishfarmnews.blogspot.ca/2017/01/key-document-dr-kristi-miller-diseases.html.

Here is Miller’s research that shows PRV is present in farmed fish and causes HSMI: http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0171471.

BC DFO: The protection and conservation of wild salmon is a priority for Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO), and we appreciate your concern for wild salmon. DFO is committed to ensuring that Canada’s aquaculture regulations support the health of marine ecosystems and the aquatic species they support.

WRONG: Your record on lack of laws/weakened laws has been chronicled for the past decade by many commentators, including the Royal Society of Canada. See this scandalously-long list on your weakest laws: http://fishfarmnews.blogspot.ca/2017/04/the-strictest-laws-in-world-wrong.html.

Your Conservation and Protection Branch is chronically under funded so you can’t enforce the weak laws you do have. See Item 78 on firing staff in Port Hardy, in this post: https://skeenawild.org/news/government-is-cutting-33-of-all-dfo-habitat-staff-closing-closing-offices-i.

Your contribution to freshwater habitat restoration, the real solution, is minimal: $1.8 Million to the Pacific Salmon Foundation. You should give a minimum of $10 million per year, matched by $10 million from the BC government.

You cancelled parts of the Salmon Enhancement Program, including Salmonids in the Classroom, until the uproar from BC forced you abandon your Ottawa plan to cancel everything. See items 173 and 155 in the almost 2,000 global bad news stories I have found on the in-ocean fish farm/seafood industry: http://fishfarmnews.blogspot.ca/2017/05/bad-news-bites-fifth-post.html. You can find fifty on your not doing freshwater habitat restoration in BC/CDN press.

BC DFO: In British Columbia, the aquaculture industry operates under some of the strictest regulations in the world. DFO’s  Public Reporting on Aquaculture website outlines DFO’s regulations, management requirements, and monitoring activities, which are in place to ensure that the industry operates in a sustainable manner. The Department is also working with provincial partners, First Nations, industry, and communities on legislative reforms, including developing a federal Aquaculture Act, as recommended by the Standing Senate Committee on Fisheries and Oceans.

WRONG: The ‘strictest laws’ comment is fish farm communications spin used globally. Shame on you for stooping so low, or for not realizing you are using fish farm spin. Once again here is the scandalously long post on your weakest laws: http://fishfarmnews.blogspot.ca/2017/04/the-strictest-laws-in-world-wrong.html.

Once again, you do not have adequate C&P staff to enforce the weakest laws. See the link above.

Furthermore, fish farm strategy includes claiming to be transparent, then refusing to release info. A BC example is the fish farm industry arguing through their lawyers – a common tactic – that Judge Cohen could not request the disease testing tables be released to the Cohen Commission. When he required them anyway, they trumpeted how transparent they were.

When Cohen wanted individual tables, they again sent in their lawyers arguing he had no scope to require them. Cohen required them anyway, and reopened the Commission, for the third time, to focus solely on fish farm diseases.

Another example, an FOI I made to the CFIA for the millions given to fish farms for diseased, dead fish was held up for 10 months by a fish farm injunction against the information’s release. The amount turned out to be $177 million. No taxpayer wants their money given to multi-billion-dollar, multi-national corporations. 

Aboriginals are not on side with DFO on fish farms. They want fish farms out of their waters. The Musgamagw Dzawada'enuxw, has been against farms for 30 years, and served eviction notices, but fish farms are still there: http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/british-columbia/72-hours-to-vacate-first-nation-gives-eviction-notice-to-salmon-farm-1.3728860. The UBCIC Chief, Bob Chamberlin, says 150 First Nations are against fish farms and want them out of the water. See: http://fishfarmnews.blogspot.ca/2016/08/key-document-aboriginals-against-in.html.

The Standing Fisheries committee you cite is fractured. Fin Donnelly issued a dissenting voice, and judging from Nancy Greene’s involvement, the Senate committee was badly informed, and failed to do any of its own research into fish farms: http://commonsensecanadian.ca/nancy-greene-raine-fish-farms-wild-bc-salmon/.

Watershed Watch details the lack of resources in C&P: https://www.watershed-watch.org/2017/03/recap-of-2016-bc-salmon-fisheries/.

Your own C&P director, Randy Nelson, criticized the scandalously low C&P budget and staffing in his book, Poachers, Polluters and Politics. See my review: http://onfishingdcreid.blogspot.ca/2014/10/poachers-polluters-and-politics-by.html.

BCDFO: Regarding your comments regarding heart and skeletal muscle inflammation (HSMI) and piscine reovirus (PRV), DFO’s website has detailed and up-to-date information. I strongly encourage you to read this material, which provides the scientific and historical context of this complex issue.

WRONG: DFO and the CFIA’s lab were criticized in the Cohen Commission by the experts, Nylund and Kibenge, as not being able to find reportable diseases such as ISA. And remember that DFO, and the CFIA colluded, fraudulently, not to find disease in BC farmed fish. They concocted a scheme to use a lab that would not return a disease result, and BCMAL was chosen. This is a scandal.

Here is DFO, CFIA and BCMAL not being able to find ISA in BC, while private researchers did, a very grave finding: http://fishfarmnews.blogspot.ca/2017/01/isav-in-bc-but-dfo-cfia-and-bcmal-cant.html. DFO, CFIA, and BCMAL went even further, to complain to Virology journal where the ISA in BC article appeared. Virology dismissed your complaints.

Here is DFO, CFIA colluding to fraudulently find no disease in BC, picking a lab that would return a negative result, BCMAL: http://fishfarmnews.blogspot.ca/2016/09/canadian-food-inspection-agency.html. This is fraud, Dominic LeBlanc, and I strongly urge you to do something: http://fishfarmnews.blogspot.ca/2016/09/canadian-food-inspection-agency.html.

BCMAL has said PRV is in 80% of all farmed salmon, but there is no HSMI: http://fishfarmnews.blogspot.ca/2016/10/prv-present-in-80.html.

In addition, your website link ignores that the PRV in BC is from a Norwegian source, meaning, yet another disease, like ISA, that Norwegian fish farms have brought to BC that DFO/CFIA/BCMAL claim is not here. Both cause big time death for salmon, PRV the number 3 killer in Norway.

And, Miller’s Viral Signature work shows presence in Fraser River sockeye components of up to 90% failure to spawn. And Miller’s 2017 work confirms that PRV causes HSMI.

Here are some specific comments on the text on your site: 

Under: Genomic variability, PRV has been in BC since 1989 from imported Atlantic salmon. Marty is the lab that DFO and CFIA contracted because he wouldn’t find disease.

Under: Infectivity, Garver’s papers are with Marty, the lab that DFO/CFIA contracted because he wouldn’t find disease.

Under: Infectivity, Miller’s Viral Signature work noted as high as 90% pre-spawn mortality in sockeye components of the Fraser River run, a PRV problem.

Under: HSMI, watch the video of Norwegian scientists talking about PRV/HSMI: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3scxcIDuEOo. Are Nylund, at 9:20, says the PRV is from Norway. He goes on to say, at 11:20, that it is virtually impossible to find HSMI in wild salmon; they get eaten because they can’t swim. Dominic, you need to wake up, before all Pacific salmon are dead.

Under: Association between PRV and HSMI, your own scientist, Miller, showed that PRV is HSMI in BC.

Under: Association between PRV and HSMI, Garver worked with Marty who DFO/CFIA contracted because he wouldn’t find disease. Watch the video again on PRV causing HSMI.

BC DFO: I appreciate your support for closed containment aquaculture. The Department has supported the aquaculture industry in adopting and developing technologies and best practices to enhance the environmental and economic sustainability of closed‑containment aquaculture. I have attached an appendix, which provides background on this important topic. Additional information on DFO’s research into and support of these technologies is available on our Closed Containment website.

WRONG: the industry and DFO are almost ten years out of date on on-land closed containment RAS systems. The new, on-land Atlantic Sapphire plant in Florida may well wipe out the entire Canadian industry because consumers don’t want in-ocean farmed fish and because AS is in the USA, it has production/transportation cost savings that out-of-country producers can’t match.

I would add that last year, 2016, the Norwegian industry beggared its own in-ocean operations in Canada – Marine Harvest, Cermaq, Grieg Seafood – by harvesting early in Norway and dumping the fish into the USA where they had just had a 26% tariff eliminated for… dumping fish. They did so to avoid the high cost of lice treatments that plagued Norway and Scotland last year.

DFO is a decade out of touch with on-land tech. I have a list of 189 different, on-land RAS systems around the world, comprising nearly 20,000 actual on-land farms: http://fishfarmnews.blogspot.ca/2016/05/152-different-on-land-fish-farm-systems.html. The post has dozens of studies on on-land tech.

Norway is so fed up with fish farm pollution that it stopped selling in-ocean licences two years ago, that sold at auction for $9- $12-million, and is giving out free licences to set up on land. Because you don’t charge adequate licence fees, you are effectively giving a $9- to $12-million subsidy to each fish farm that uses the ocean as a free open sewer – in total, a $1.17- to $1.6- billion subsidy.  Further, the in BC, sewage cost is $10.4 Billion. In-ocean fish farms make no environmental or economic sense. See: http://fishfarmnews.blogspot.ca/2017/02/fish-farm-sewage-huge-cost-to-bc.html.

BC DFO: I appreciate the opportunity to respond to your concerns.

Andrew Thomson
Regional Director
Fisheries Management Branch
Pacific Region

WRONG: Andrew Thompson is not Dominic LeBlanc. British Columbians know many local DFO staff they respect. Not so with Ottawa DFO and its ‘any fish is a good fish’ bias as former DFO staffer, Otto Langer, put it in A Stain Upon the Sea, about the environmental damage caused by fish farms in BC. It won the BC Book Awards, Roderick Haig-Brown Award it is that good. Carrying on his work, I won the national Roderick Haig-Brown Award in 2016 for sustained environmental writing on the problems with fish farms.

Finally, I receive nearly 30 global fish farm news letters every week and am probably more up to date on global fish farm/seafood industry problems than anyone in DFO. I have found nearly 2,000 bad news stories in the past two years. See: http://fishfarmnews.blogspot.ca/2017/05/bad-news-bites-fifth-post.html.

Here’s what I would like from you Dominic LeBlanc:

1.     Why do you have to be sued to protect BC salmon from fish farm diseases?
2.     What are you going to do about the fraud in your Department over testing for fish farm diseases in BC?
3.     Send me the disaggregated budget for C&P enforcement and the actual FTEs attributed to enforcing laws on fish farms in BC.
4.     And let’s see an original, handwritten signature from you.

Thanks



DC Reid

Friday, 14 July 2017

Nylund, Vike - The Famous ISA Chile Paper, Scientists Harassed in Norway, AquaGen, Updated July 14, 2017

Siri Vike was sent by her company, Cermaq, to Chile to find out what the fish were dying with in 2007. The result was this paper with Are Nylund, a now very famous one, in 2009: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19034606. (See the Vike/Nylund harassment link closer to the bottom below, a 2017 article).

It came out that AquaGen had sent the infected eggs to Chile that lead to a $2billion loss in 2008 and 13,000 workers losing their jobs. The irony is that had AquaGen not filed a 'bad science'  complaint, no one would have known that they were the firm that caused the problem - because there were half a dozen. Even today, AquaGen claims they have never had an infection in their 45 year history, a false statement (there is one quote below). Much like Donald Trump, fish farm companies make false statements about their actions even though they know they are false.

Here is the abstract:

Abstract

Infectious salmon anaemia virus (ISAV), genus Isavirus (family Orthomyxoviridae), is present in all large salmon (Salmo salar)-producing countries around the North Atlantic. The target species for this virus are members of the genus Salmo, but the virus may also replicate in other salmonids introduced to the North Atlantic (Oncorhychus spp.). Existing ISA virus isolates can be divided into two major genotypes, a North American (NA) and a European (EU) genotype, based on phylogenetic analysis of the genome. The EU genotype can be subdivided into several highly supported clades based on analysis of segments 5 (fusion protein gene) and 6 (hemagglutinin-esterase gene). In 1999 an ISA virus belonging to the NA genotype was isolated from Coho salmon in Chile, and in 2007 the first outbreaks of ISA in farmed Atlantic salmon was observed. Several salmon farms in Chile were affected by the disease in 2007, and even more farms in 2008. In this study, ISA virus has been isolated from salmon in a marine farm suffering an outbreak of the disease in 2008 and from smolts with no signs of ISA in a fresh water lake. Sequencing of the partial genome of these ISA viruses, followed by phylogenetic analysis including genome sequences from members of the NA and EU genotypes, showed that the Chilean ISA virus belongs to the EU genotype. The Chilean ISA virus groups in a clade with exclusively Norwegian ISA viruses, where one of these isolates was obtained from a Norwegian brood stock population. All salmonid species in the southern hemisphere have been introduced from Europe and North America. The absence of natural hosts for ISA viruses in Chile excludes the possibility of natural reservoirs in this country, and the close relationship between contemporary ISA virus strains from farmed Atlantic salmon in Chile and Norway suggest a recent transmission from Norway to Chile. Norway export large amounts of Atlantic salmon embryos every year to Chile; hence, the best explanation for the Norwegian ISA virus in Chile is transmission via these embryos, i.e. vertical or transgenerational transmission. This supports other studies showing that the ISA virus can be transmitted vertically.

***

Vertical transmission was very debatable at the time, with horizontalists being in the majority, as in fish to fish, versus verticalists, as in doe/buck to egg. Not anymore.

Go read this article to get the slimy details on how scientists are harassed in Norway, when fish farms don't like their findings: https://morgenbladet.no/aktuelt/2017/06/de-forbannede-lakseforskerne.

I have also done a post on the subject: https://fishfarmnews.blogspot.ca/2017/06/scientists-harassed-by-fish-farms.html.  There must be 20 scientists in this one who have been harassed by business, and, if you can believe it, the Norwegian government.

This is the story on the Vike/Nylund harassment in the Norwegian press, 2017. See: https://morgenbladet.no/aktuelt/2017/06/et-forskermareritt?utm_source=M%C3%B8rke+motkrefter&utm_campaign=cf9d10687b-M%C3%98RKE_MOTKREFTER_2_2017_06_16&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_0eba175513-cf9d10687b-57212337

You can translate it at Google Translate: https://translate.google.ca/.

You will note that from the Canadian expert, Fred Kibenge, AquaGen had an unsigned copy of issues. The great irony here is that after the Cohen Commission in Canada where the Canadian Food Inspection Agency did not like Kibenge's testimony against fish farms it interceded with the World Animal Health Organization (OIE) to have Kibenge lose his accreditation. One of the letters is on the public record and can be found on the Canadian Auditor General's site in an Environmental Petition.

From AquGen in 2017, its CEO, Nina Santi's speaking on the case at a Norwegian conference, with Vike in attendance said this: that she had followed the presentations with increasing irritation. "Many people have opinions without knowing," she said about the infection issue, emphasizing that "Aquagen has not had any ILA outbreak since the 1970s." 

This is a false staement. AquaGen sent ISA [ILA in Norwegian] to Chile.

Here is a final quote from the article (note that it is Google Translate English):


"After ten years, there has still been no alternative explanation of how the virus came to the country.
Chile no longer imports roe from Norway. The country's ILA infection is minimized, as is the case in Canada, Scotland and the Faroe Islands."

Note that this says Canada downplays the ISA in Canada. If you follow this news, the CFIA allowed one eastcoast ISA infection to be slaughtered and sold to Canadians, thus washing ISA down drains and into rivers and oceans all over the country. They did this because it would not be allowed into the USA with ISA, and to avoid paying as much as $30 for each diseased, dead fish, the CFIA decided it didn't matter that hundreds of thousands of Canadians kitchens would be affected.

Furthermore, DFO, the CFIA and the BC testing system, BCMAL, all refuse to believe there is ISA in BC, even though there was a 2016 article in Virology, and Virology dismissed their complaints. This means that two levels of government are saying ISA does not exist in Canada. Tragic.

"In Norway there were 15 ILA [ISA] outbreaks in 2015 and 12 last year [2016]. This is more than in any other country in the world. Recently, a new outbreak was reported at Lingalaks in the Hardanger Fjord, where 170,000 salmon were slaughtered."


Now, another news article:  http://ilaks.no/ila-mistanke-hos-aquagen-tingvoll/. AquaGen now has ISA, in 2017, despite claiming once again that it has never had ISA in its 45 year history, which of course, is a further falsehood, as the Vike/Nylund paper on AquaGen taking ISA to Chile for the 2008 ISA collapse in that country confirms.